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Do you have Animal Noises at your house and need some help? Call your local Critter Control office today at 505.545.8883 in Albuquerque or 505.545.8891 in Santa Fe for effective infestation removal services.

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7508 Avenger Way, STE 2A
Santa fe NM 87507
(505) 988-2035

3700 Osuna NE, STE 527
Albuquerque NM, 87109
(505) 892-6519

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LEPROSY (HANSEN'S DISEASE)

DESCRIPTION            

  • Leprosy also known as Hansen’s Disease is a chronic, but curable infectious disease that if contracted is contagious and causes lesions and discoloration of the skin, bumps on the skin, nerve damage, and if the case is severe enough deformities and disfigurement

LOCATION   

  • Leprosy is found all over the world but is most commonly found in the tropics and subtropics due to the warmer and wetter climate. When traveling to these areas avoid prolonged contact with people who have Leprosy due to the possibility of being exposed to the bacteria
  • Leprosy is rare in the US with only about a hundred cases reported each year
  • The disease is most commonly found in
    • Indonesia
    • India
    • Brazil
    • Myanmar
    • Nigeria

CAUSE              

  • Leprosy is a slow growing bacteria that is contagious, but can only be passed through repeated contact with droplets from the nose or mouth
  • Humans and armadillos are the only known animals in which Leprosy is found

 

SYMPTOMS       

Leprosy symptoms can take between 3 to 5 years to appear but there have been cases of the symptoms taking 20 years to start showing. Symptoms are most commonly found in the mucous membranes and on the skin, these symptoms include

  • Blisters
  • Loss of color in the skin
  • Rashes
  • Ulcers
  • Redness with reduced sensations
  • Pain in the joints
  • Loss of sensation to temperature
  • Nerve damage
  • Disfiguration
  • Deformities

 

TREATMENT              

  • Leprosy is curable through a series of prescribed antibiotics and steroidal drugs that can take between 6 to 12 months to treat

 

PREVENTION             

  • Avoid contact with persons who carry Leprosy especially if you are traveling to other counties
  • Early diagnosis of the disease is best to help prevent spreading it to others

HANDLING ANIMALS       

  • The armadillo is the other animal besides humans to carry leprosy so there is little concern when handling other animals

OTHER FACTS           

  • Most adult humans have a small chance of getting leprosy if exposed studies have shown that 95% of adults can’t get the disease