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CREUTZFELDT-JAKOB DISEASE

DESCRIPTION

Creutzfeldt-Jakob’s disease is a neurodegenerative disease that rapidly affects the brain. Jakob’s disease slowly destroys brain cells and creates tiny holes in the brain. This disease leads to dementia and death. There are no known cures for Jakob’s disease.

LOCATION

Creutzfeldt-Jakob’s disease is somewhat rare only one person per million are diagnosed a year and it is found all over the world.  

CAUSE

Creutzfeldt-Jakob’s disease is thought to be caused by abnormal types of the protein called prion. Prion is a normal occurring protein found in human cells but can transform in to an infectious protein and cause the disease.
Creutzfeldt-Jacob’s disease can be caused from the consumption of contaminated raw meat, and has also been linked to the inheritance of an abnormal gene 
There have been reported cases of Creutzfeldt-Jakob’s disease caused by tissue transplants known as iatrogenic CJD.
The disease is not contagious and is extremely rare  

SYMPTOMS  

Symptoms of Creutzfeldt-Jakob’s disease can take years to develop but once symptoms occur it progresses rapidly and eventually leads to death. Symptoms are similar to other dementia like disorders such as Alzheimer’s but deteriorate the brain much quicker these symptoms include 
Anxiety
Blurred vision
Blindness
Depression
Difficulty speaking
Difficulty swallowing
Hallucination 
Impaired thinking
Insomnia
Memory Loss
Mood swings
Muscle spasms 
Personality changes
Rapid eye movement
Uncontrollable movements of the body
 

TREATMENT

There is no known cure for Creutzfeldt-Jakob’s disease
Drugs can be given to help ease pain and other symptoms to make the person feel more comfortable 

PREVENTION

Sporadic CDJ cannot be prevented. Consult a genetics expert if you are at a higher risk due to family history.
Iatrogenic CJD is very rare and medical institutions have strict policies to prevent the contraction of the disease 

HANDLING ANIMALS    

BSE or Mad Cow Disease is one of the known causes of CJD and there is no known cure for it. BSE can be prevented by seclusion and destruction of the infected animal

OTHER FACTS

In the US there have only been 3 reported cases of Mad Cow Disease, however there has been 19 cases of Mad Cow Disease reported in Canada