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7508 Avenger Way, STE 2A
Santa fe NM 87507
(505) 988-2035

3700 Osuna NE, STE 527
Albuquerque NM, 87109
(505) 892-6519

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BRUCELLOSIS

DESCRIPTION

Infectious disease caused by bacteria obtained through contact with an infected animal or contaminated objects.
Brucellosis is very common in domestic animals such as camels, buffalo, cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, and dogs.

LOCATION

Brucellosis is worldwide, but is more commonly found in areas with poor health regulations and programs. These include:

Portugal
Spain
Southern France
Italy
Greece
Turkey
Mexico
Eastern Europe
Asia
Africa
The Caribbean
The Middle East
South and Central America

CAUSE

Infection can occur though the consumption of undercooked meats and/or raw dairy (unpasteurized) from animals that were infected, as well as by bacteria entering the body through open wounds and inhalation.

SYMPTOMS

Symptoms vary and initial signs can include:

Fever
Headache
Sweats
Malaise
Anorexia
Fatigue
Pain in your muscles and joints.

Some of these can persist and/or get worse with time.

TREATMENT

Diagnosis of Brucellosis is done by performing tests through samples of blood, tissue and other body fluids that test for the bacteria.
Once the proper diagnosis is made, antibiotics can be prescribed.
Recovery can very from a few weeks to a few months and death from Brucellosis is rare.

PREVENTION

Do not consume undercooked meat, or unpasteurized dairy products.
Avoid contact with animals that could be infected.
Animal handlers like farmers, hunters, meat packing workers, veterinarians, etc. should always wear proper safety equipment including gloves, eye protection, and gowns/aprons.

HANDLING ANIMALS

There is no cure for the Brucella bacteria in animals. However, in the United States, Brucellosis is very rare.
Receiving Brucellosis from an animal such as your dog is most common through contact with the blood or other body fluids from the animal.
Most dogs infected with the Brucella bacteria do not spread it to their owners or other humans.

OTHER FACTS

In the United States, fewer than 200 people are infected each year.
Infection is more common in spring and summer.
Brucellosis is a very serious disease in other parts of the world that lack effective animal disease control programs.